Los Petenes is a permanently flooded salt marsh with a high diversity of flora and fauna. The most representative ecosystems of the area can be found here such as seagrasses and petenes. Petenes are complex habitats of islands with varied vegetation that have made this Reserve a unique place in Mexico. Some of the most important ecosystems are mangroves, lowland jungle, wetlands, salt pans, natural pools and springs. It is considered as an important area for the survival of reptiles, primates, felines, water birds, crustaceans and mollusks, among many others. The biodiversity of Los Petenes is remarkable, with 473 species of flora, 678 higher plants and 434 species of fauna, 313 of which are birds. There are 47 species of mammals, 47 species of fish and 21 species of reptiles. Among the most remarkable species of fauna are the horseshoe crabs, jabiru stork, ocellated turkey, American flamingo, stork, white pelican, cocopato, spider monkey, jaguar, ocelot, oncilla, bush dog, anteater, kinkajou and ringtail. The most extensive seagrass area in the Gulf of Mexico can be found in this Reserve. The different natural sceneries and diversity in its land and aquatic environments make Los Petenes an amazing place for recreational activities.